Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was born in Montgomery, Alabama, on St. Patrick’s Day in 1919. At the age of 4,his family moved to Chicago, Illinois. There his father, Edward Coles, became a Baptist minister. Cole learned to play the organ from his mother, Perlina Coles, the church organist. His first performance, at age four, was of “Yes! We Have No Bananas”. He began formal lessons at the age of 12, eventually learning not only jazz and gospel music but also European classical music, performing, as he said, “from Johann Sebastian Bach to Sergei Rachmaninoff”. was an American musician who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. He was one of the first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has maintained worldwide popularity since his death. Main Source: Wikipedia.